A comparison of death rates associated with COVID-19 versus influenza during Fall-Winter 2022-23

A comparability of loss of life charges related to COVID-19 versus influenza throughout Fall-Winter 2022-23

In a current research revealed in JAMA Journal, researchers in contrast the loss of life charges related to coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) with that of seasonal influenza throughout the 2022-2023 fall-winter season.

Examine: Danger of loss of life in sufferers hospitalized for COVID-19 vs seasonal influenza in autumn-winter 2022-2023. Picture Credit score: CROCOTHERY/Shutterstock.com


Throughout the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic, loss of life charges related to extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections had been regarded as 5 instances increased than these from seasonal influenza infections.

Nonetheless, the fast growth of COVID-19 vaccines and varied therapies, together with antivirals and monoclonal antibodies, have considerably diminished the variety of deaths from SARS-CoV-2 infections.

As well as, scientific care amenities and population-level immunity in opposition to SARS-CoV-2 have additionally improved, which has diminished the variety of deaths because of COVID-19.

These adjustments may have affected the loss of life charges related to the seasonal influenza virus.

In regards to the research

The researchers used the USA Division of Veterans Affairs digital well being databases to enroll research members.

Members had no less than a file of hospitalization between October 2020 and January 2023, two days earlier than and ten days after a constructive check for influenza or SARS-CoV-2 together with a prognosis of influenza or COVID-19 on the time of admission. People with each infections had been excluded.

Members had been adopted up for 30 days after hospitalization, till the primary loss of life occasion or till March 2, 2023. Absolute standardized variations had been used to research baseline traits for all members.

Inverse likelihood weighted Cox survival fashions had been used to match the mortality danger between sufferers hospitalized with influenza and COVID-19.

Propensity scores had been calculated taking into consideration covariates. Absolute danger was additionally calculated primarily based on the distinction in 30-day mortality charges between COVID-10 and influenza as a proportion of extra deaths.

Moreover, danger analyzes had been carried out by subgroups primarily based on age, COVID-19 vaccination standing, severity of SARS-CoV-2 an infection, and outpatient remedy with COVID-19 antivirals previous to hospitalization.


The outcomes indicated that the loss of life charge related to COVID-19 among the many veteran inhabitants throughout the 2022-2023 fall-winter season continued to be increased than that of seasonal influenza infections.

Throughout the research interval, there have been 8,996 hospital admissions because of COVID-19, amongst which there have been 538 deaths, whereas there have been 76 deaths amongst 2,403 sufferers hospitalized for seasonal influenza.

At 30 days, the mortality charges from SARS-CoV-2 an infection and seasonal influenza had been 5.97% and three.75%, respectively, with an extra mortality charge of two.23%.

Subgroup evaluation revealed that COVID-19 vaccination was linked to a lower within the loss of life charge, however different components within the subgroup evaluation, corresponding to age and outpatient antiviral remedy, didn’t affect charges of mortality.

Though loss of life charges related to COVID-19 proceed to be increased than loss of life charges from seasonal influenza, it needs to be famous that loss of life charges from extreme SARS-CoV-2 infections requiring hospitalization have decreased markedly since 2020 (when mortality charges ranged from 17% to 21%). Demise charges from seasonal flu have remained comparatively secure since 2020 (3.8% versus 3.7% in 2023).

Researchers imagine that the lower within the loss of life charge from COVID-19 could possibly be because of a number of components. These embrace the emergence of recent SARS-CoV-2 variants with decrease virulence, elevated immunity from a number of doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and infections, and a big enchancment in scientific care.

The distinction in mortality charges between unvaccinated people and vaccinated or boosted people highlights the significance of COVID-19 vaccines in decreasing the severity and mortality related to COVID-19.

One limitation of the research is that the research inhabitants was composed predominantly of older male veterans, making it troublesome to generalize the findings to the bigger inhabitants.


Total, the outcomes indicated that COVID-19 loss of life charges had declined considerably because the begin of the pandemic. Nonetheless, deaths stay increased than these from seasonal flu.

Nonetheless, main and booster vaccines have considerably diminished COVID-19 mortality charges, highlighting the protecting results of vaccines.

Written by

Physician Chinta Sidharthan

Chinta Sidharthan is a author primarily based in Bangalore, India. His educational background is in evolutionary biology and genetics and he has in depth expertise in scientific analysis, instructing, scientific writing and herpetology. Chinta holds a PhD. in evolutionary biology from the Indian Institute of Science and is captivated with science training, writing, animals, wildlife and conservation. For his doctoral analysis, he explored the origins and diversification of blind snakes in India, as a part of which he did in depth fieldwork within the jungles of southern India. He has been awarded the Canadian Governor Normal’s Bronze Medal and the Bangalore College Gold Medal for Tutorial Excellence and has had his analysis revealed in impactful journals.


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